Types of crimes

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Types of crimes

What is a crime?

A crime is an act or omission that creates a public danger, is committed culpably and is declared in the Penal Code.

Types of crimes

1. According to the committed act:

• According to the type of act: a) by action (theft, murder, rape, etc.); b) with inaction (unprofitability);

• According to the elements of executive activity: a) simple; b) two-act and complex and c) those with repeated actions or prolonged activity;

• According to the socially dangerous consequences: a) consequential; b) formal/ of simple execution.

2. According to the public danger of the act:

• According to the degree of involvement of the object of the crime: a) damaging; b) endangering the site; c) creating a risk of such endangerment.

• According to the ratio in the degree of public danger of crimes of the same type, the law distinguishes: a) basic; b) lightly punished /privileged/; c) severely punishable /qualified/.

3. According to the fault:

• According to the type: a) intentional; b) imprudent; c) with two forms of guilt.

• According to the sufficiency of guilt for the subjective side of the crime: a) with additional constituent subjective signs and b) without additional constituent signs.

4. According to the characteristics of the perpetrators / adults, minors, recidivists, etc./:

• General crimes - the perpetrator can be any person;

• Special crimes- a) a certain quality of the perpetrator is required for the existence of a crime; b) the quality determines a different degree of public danger and conditions a heavier or lighter punishable crime.

5. According to the nature of the crime:

• Of a general nature - crimes that are prosecuted according to the general procedure with the participation of a prosecutor;

• Of a private nature - crimes that are formed through a private complaint by the victim.



Types of crimes
Types of crimes
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