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                                                          Lawyer Julia Danova, Copyright


  Copyright related issues are governed by the Copyright and Related Law Act. The author is a natural person whose creative work has produced a work in the field of literature, art or science. Legal entities and third parties may also be holders of copyright in cases expressly provided for by law. A copyright on a work created by two or more persons belongs to them in general, and in this case it is irrelevant whether the work is indivisible whole or consists of parts of self-importance - in this case there is co-authorship. It arises from the moment of the creation of a work and, unlike other intellectual and industrial property rights, arises without necessarily obtaining registration or recognition by an authority.
        The registration and control of copyright is done by the Minister of Culture, which oversees the activities of collecting societies.
      The objects of copyright are explicitly listed in Art. 3 of the CACS. These are all works of literature, art, science that are the result of creative activities expressed in any way and in any objective form. Namely: literary works, including works of scientific and technical literature, of journalism and computer programs; musical works; stage works - dramatic, musical-dramatic, pantomime, choreographic and others; films and other audiovisual works; works of fine arts, including works of applied art, design and folk artistic crafts; realized works of architecture and applied development plans; photographic works and works created in a manner similar to the photographic; approved architectural projects, approved spatial planning projects, maps, schemes, plans and other, related to architecture, spatial planning, geography, topography, museum and any field of science and technology; graphic layout of a printed edition; cadastral maps and state topographic maps; translations and reprocessing of existing works and folklore works; arrangements of musical works and folklore works; periodicals, encyclopedias, collections, anthologies, bibliographies, databases, and the like, which include two or more works or materials. An object of copyright may also be part of a work, as well as preparatory sketches, plans and the like.
       According to the Bulgarian law, the object of copyright is not the normative and individual acts of state bodies for management, the acts of the courts, as well as their official translations; ideas and concepts; folklore works; news, facts, information and data.
        Copyright objects can be identified by the identification symbol most commonly placed at the bottom of the work itself, namely: ©, which originates from "copyright". The symbol is of American origin - for the first time it is mentioned in the US Copyright Act 1909
         The author of a work possesses the so-called property and non-material rights thereon. The property rights determine the author's right to allow his work to be reproduced; to distribute and allow the distribution of original / copies of the work to an unlimited number of persons; to allow the performance and performance of the work to be public; to allow the broadcasting and transmission of the work on radio, television and the Internet; to display and to allow it to be a display work of the art or those produced in a photographic and analogous way to the public; to translate the work into foreign languages ​​and to consent to translation by an interpreter; to process and synchronize the work; to carry out and to allow import and export to be carried out in others. States of copies of the work in commercial quantities.
          The non-material rights of the author enable him to decide whether the work he has created can be disclosed and to determine the time, venue and manner of doing so, with the exception of films and other audiovisual works; realized works of architecture and applied development plans; approved architectural projects, approved spatial planning projects, maps, schemes, plans, etc., relating to architecture, spatial planning, geography, topography, museum and any field of science and technology under which this right is negotiated contract; to seek recognition of his authorship on the work; to decide whether his or her work should be disclosed under an alias or anonymously; to ask for his name, nickname or other identifying him / her  the author's sign be appropriately marked for each use of the work; to preserve the integrity of the work and to oppose any changes thereto, as well as any other action that might prejudice his or her legitimate interests or personal dignity; to change his / her work unless this violates rights acquired by others; access to the original of the work when it is in the possession of another person and where it is necessary for the exercise of the non-material or property right provided for in this Act; to stop the use of the work due to changes in their beliefs, except for the works of architecture, as compensation for the damage suffered by persons who have legally acquired the right to use the work.
         The author has no right to oppose the owner of the work of the architecture to destroy, rebuild, upgrading or upgrading it if this is done in accordance with the regulations in force.
         Copyright is protected for as long as the author lives and 70 years after his death. In co-authorship, the 70-year term begins to run after the death of the last surviving co-author.
         The author is entitled to a fee for each type of use of the work and for each subsequent use.
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